New York, 22:55
Il Consiglio di sicurezza delle Nazioni Unite ha approvato oggi all'unanimità la nuova risoluzione che disegna il futuro dell'Iraq. Si trattava della quinta bozza. La risoluzione, che ha preso il numero 1546, stabilisce la "piena sovranità" del nuovo governo ad interim iracheno, segna le tappe del processo politico che dovrà portare entro la fine del 2005 all'elezione di un governo costituzionale e stabilisce le modalità per la presenza della forza multinazionale e per la gestione delle operazioni militari a partire dal 30 giugno prossimo.
La Repubblica - News
U.N. Council Unanimously Adopts Iraq Resolution
Tue Jun 8, 2004 05:01 PM ET
By Evelyn Leopold
UNITED NATIONS (Reuters) - The U.N. Security Council voted unanimously on Tuesday to adopt a U.S.-British resolution that formally ends the occupation of Iraq on June 30 and authorizes U.S.-led troops to keep the peace.
In a packed council chamber, the 15-nation body endorsed a "sovereign interim government" in Iraq, following weeks of negotiations and a last minute addition by the United States and Britain on military policy that France and Germany had demanded.
"The significance of this resolution ... is to take away the concept of occupation, which I would say was the main reason for many of the difficulties that we have been going through since liberation," Iraqi Foreign Minister Hoghyar Zebari said in New York.
The resolution attempts to pave the way for democracy by giving a timetable for elections -- not later than Jan. 31, 2005. It puts Iraq in charge of its oil proceeds and calls for the United Nations to help with elections, a constitution and many other tasks.
Control of the 160,000 U.S.-led troops was the most contentious issue in the resolution, which authorizes a multinational force under American command to "use all necessary measures" to prevent violence.
The United States pledged "partnership" and coordination with Iraq's leaders but did not agree to give Baghdad a virtual veto over major military offensives as France, Germany, Algeria and others had wanted.
However, the resolution gives the Iraqi interim government the right to order U.S. troops to leave at any time and makes clear the mandate of the international force would expire by the end of January 2006.
The Bush administration was anxious for a vote early this week on the official transfer of sovereignty so disputes over the resolution did not overshadow a summit of the Group of Eight industrial nations in Sea Island, Georgia.
The resolution is expected to help patch up deep divisions on Iraq, prompted by the U.S.-led invasion, opposed by major European nations and most other countries around the world. Many diplomats praised the United States for taking account of their views and not forcing a confrontation.
"I think it shows the international community coming together again to support the Iraqi people in their efforts to build a country that rests on the foundations of democracy and freedom and the rights of all," Secretary of State Colin Powell said in Washington.
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