Israele : Mordechai Vanunu libero ma condizionato
Pacifisti e sostenitori della lotta al nucleare, fra cui attori, politici e premi Nobel per la pace, stanno volando in queste ore verso Israele per accoglierlo all'uscita dal carcere, anche se non sono sicuri di poterglisi avvicinare, causa le restrizioni cui sara' sottoposto.
Mordechai Vanunu, l'ex tecnico nucleare israeliano, spia e traditore per alcuni, vittima delle persecuzioni di uno stato illiberale per altri, da oggi sara' infatti ufficialmente un uomo libero.
Incarcerato per diciott'anni con l'accusa di aver rivelato segreti nucleari dello Stato d'Israele, Vanunu anche dopo la scarcerazione non potra' varcare la frontiera, ne' comunicare in alcun modo con stranieri. Le autorità israeliane accusano infatti Vanunu di essere ancora una minaccia per la sicurezza nazionale.
Egli forni' nel 1986 al giornale britannico Sunday Times una descrizione e alcune foto della centrale nucleare di Dimona, nel Neghev, dove aveva lavorato nove anni come tecnico. Grazie a quelle foto furono svelati i retroscena sugli armamenti nucleari di Israele.
Prelevato a Roma da agenti del Mossad, Vanunu fu processato in Israele. Ha trascorso 12 anni (i due terzi della condanna) in isolamento, triste record per il quale e' stato inserito nel Guinness dei primati nel 1998.
Vanunu respinge l'epiteto di traditore, considerandosi un obiettore di coscienza e un pacifista.
"Malgrado tutto quello che è stato pubblicato niente è cambiato", ha commentato. E riferendosi al reattore iracheno bombardato dagli israeliani nel 1981 ha aggiunto che "come è stato distrutto il reattore nucleare iracheno, voglio sia distrutto quello israeliano".
[ma vedi qui sotto l'articolo del Jerusalem Post, dove si sostiene che Vanunu si oppose pubblicamente al bombardamento del reattore irakeno da parte degli Israeliani]
Vanunu (che si è convertito al cristianesimo) ha affermato che non vi è bisogno di uno stato ebraico, e che si potrebbe costituire al suo posto uno stato palestinese dove potrebbero vivere anche gli ebrei. (La Repubblica, 20 Aprile 2004)
ASHKELON, Israel (Reuters, Wed Apr 21, 2004)
Israel's Vanunu Says Has No More Secrets
- Israeli nuclear whistleblower Mordechai Vanunu said he was proud of what he had done and had no more secrets to reveal on Wednesday at the end of an 18-year jail term for treason.
Vanunu said he had suffered "cruel and barbaric treatment" at the hands of Israel's security services. He said Israel did not need nuclear weapons and he called for international inspection of its Dimona reactor.
"I am proud and happy to do what I did. I am very glad that I succeeded to do what I did. I don't have any secrets...since the article was published there are no more secrets," he said in a statement at the gates of Ashkelon prison.
"Israel doesn't need nuclear arms, especially now that all the Middle East is free from nuclear arms... My message today to all the world is open the Dimona reactor for inspections," he said.
© Reuters 2004. All Rights Reserved.
Apr. 20, 2004 23:53 | Updated Apr. 21, 2004 1:20
Among the many things said about Mordechai Vanunu, the Israeli due to be released from prison today after serving his 18-year sentence for revealing the country's nuclear secrets, is that he is a champion of the anti-nuclear cause.
Not so. In 1981, Vanunu, with Arab activists, protested against Israel's destruction of Iraq's Osirak reactor. Vanunu, then, wasn't against the bomb outright. He apparently approved of it in Arab hands.
Indeed, for years prior to Vanunu's arrest and trial, he was a pro-Arab extremist to the point that Hebrew University students and staff, who knew he was employed at the Dimona reactor, wondered how such a person could be allowed near the nation's most secure facility. This was the first, most easily preventable, and most egregious error of the entire affair.
Today, Vanunu has become the stuff of legend, at least to some people. He has been nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize. There is a US "Campaign to Free Mordechai Vanunu." He was the subject – indeed, the hero – of a BBC Panorama documentary that aired last summer.
Upon his release he will be greeted by a coterie of high-profile admirers, including Irish Nobelist Mairead Maguire, British MPs Jeremy Corbyn and Colin Breed, and Bruce Kent of Britain's Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament. Letters of support from actress Emma Thompson and playwright Harold Pinter will be read aloud.
Ostensibly, Vanunu owes his fame to what he stands for: nuclear disarmament, freedom of information, human rights. In fact, it is owed mainly to what he stands against. "I am against Israel," he is reported to have told the Shin Bet. "I am against your state." It would be interesting to know how many of Vanunu's supporters share this sentiment.
In Israel, Vanunu gets little sympathy, even from the Left. Shimon Peres, who was prime minister when Vanunu was seized and tried in 1986, is blunt: "Vanunu violated norms and betrayed his country," he told Army Radio.
"This is justice."
In an editorial, Haaretz accuses him of "seriously harming state security." Yossi Sarid, the former leader of Meretz, describes him as a pathetic, mentally disturbed man. His advice is to ignore Vanunu to allow the current media feeding frenzy to die with a whimper.
We wish we could be as sanguine that Vanunu will disappear from public view. More likely, he will become a handy tool for anti-Israel campaigners, particularly if he is allowed to leave Israel in a year. The cumulative damage he will continue to do to Israel as a propagandist will considerably exceed the damage he caused as a spy.
That said, we do not mean to suggest that Vanunu should be forbidden to leave a country he no longer recognizes as his own. On the contrary, this was a right he ought to have exercised long before he chose to betray Israel's secrets and must be allowed to soon exercise again.
Vanunu may remain a threat, but that consideration ought to have been taken account during his sentencing in 1986. Now his sentence has been served and his rights must be respected. In this regard, the decision by the government not to place Vanunu in administrative detention is correct.
Indeed, it is this very fact that most powerfully gives the lie to the arguments of Vanunu's defenders. An Israel that gratuitously violated the rights of its citizens would not have sentenced him to a fixed term and then released him, proud and by all appearances healthy, when his time came.
Much less would it have countenanced the celebration that will be held today in his honor.
In the very act of letting him go free, Israel proves wrong Vanunu's contentions about the State of Israel.
We do not expect Vanunu or his defenders to take this into account. These are people who are beyond persuasion, animated by rage and undisturbed by fact. But as they make the moral case against Israel, Israel will make the moral case for itself. We trust that fair-minded observers will draw the obvious conclusion.
In the case of Vanunu, justice has been served and will sooner or later be recognized.