3 maggio 2004
Educare all'occidentale, dal Brasile all'Egitto, da Israele-Palestina all'Afganistan ...
a Leonardo Coen non piace... a me sì (almeno fino a quando non mi si spiega cosa si nasconde dietro i progetti della Sesame nel mondo...)
Scrive Leonardo Coen in Come ti educo l'afgano:
lunedì, 03 maggio 2004
In Afganistan la situazione scolastica, agli occhi degli americani, è da raddrizzare. A renderla critica, per gli Usa, è la mancanza di mezzi di diffusione e la concorrenza delle scuole coraniche. Così, i neoconservatori sono passati all'attacco e hanno aggirato l'ostacolo, trovando un nuovo mezzo per educare i giovani afgani all'occidentale. In associazione con Sesameworkshop, la Rand Corporation - istituto di ricerca legatissimo all'apparato militarindustriale degli Stati Uniti - ha messo a punto e consegnato al governo afgano un prototipo di kit "multimediale per l'accesso educativo". Questo strumento didatticoè destinato ad essere diffuso in centinaia di esemplari nel paese: contiene 10 capitoli della "Via Sesamo", adattato dalla versione egiziana e doppiata in Dari. Ci sono inoltre alcuni discorsi di Hamad Kharzai e pure un libretto di istruzioni per i professori. Cheryl Benard, specialista della propaganda e responsabile del progranma per la Rand Corporation, ha già prodotto degli studi sui programmi radiofonici educativi ("Islam civile e democratico") in Afganistan, col sostegno della Smith Richardson Foundation, piuttosta nota per le sue posizioni ultra militariste.
Segnalo alcuni siti
The Workshop At A Glance
Who We Are
Sesame Workshop is a nonprofit educational organization making a meaningful difference in the lives of children worldwide by addressing their critical developmental needs.
What We Do
The Workshop develops innovative and engaging educational content for television, radio, books, magazines, interactive media and outreach. Taking advantage of all forms of media and using those that are best suited to delivering a particular curriculum, the Workshop effectively and efficiently reaches millions of children, parents, caregivers and educators - locally, nationally and globally.
Sesame Workshop: Annual Report (Gary E. Knell, President and CEO, Sesame Workshop)
Sesame Workshop: Board of Trustees
Watanabe, Ing, Kawashima & Komeji: About Us
Jeffrey Watanabe, Kanaging Partner, Watanabe Ing Kawashima & Komeiji LLP (Ronna Bolante)
Opening Sesame: TV That Inspires Learning around the World (Harvard Graduate School of Education, November 15, 2002, by Ben Welch)
... When it comes to the goal of teaching tolerance and acceptance of diversity, the Middle East provides an often unforgiving testing ground. The Sesame Workshop proposed the idea of an Israeli-Palestinian coproduction in 1994 on the heels of the Oslo Peace Accord. At the time, Palestinian producers insisted that their characters needed their own street. So, the Israeli characters lived on Rechov Sumsum, a street with an ice-cream parlor and a view of the Mediterranean, and the Palestinian characters lived on Shara’a Simsim, a street with an Arab candy store and the West Bank in the background. Whereas Israeli and Palestinian characters interacted with one another in earlier seasons, in July the producers decided that such meetings were no longer plausible, given the waves of violence in the Middle East. So they changed the name of the program from Sesame Street to Sesame Stories. Sesame Stories, known in Hebrew as Sippuray Sumum and in Arabic as Hikayat Sijsim, will portray literature and folklore from each region while still promoting messages of respect and understanding. But the characters, at least for now, will stay in their own neighborhoods.
Likewise, the Palestinian producers can no longer travel to Tel Aviv for meetings, so the producers now meet near London or in New York, or communicate via e-mail and telephone. Despite the new format, Israeli producers want to broadcast a new season of shows as soon as possible, hoping the cheery Muppets will help counteract the images of violence and hatred in the media. The Palestinian producers, however, do not hold the same perspective. “Children in Palestine today will not appreciate, understand, absorb, and react in a positive way to the goals we want to accomplish,” Daoud Kuttab, the Palestinian executive producer of Hikayat Sijsim, told the New York Times this past summer. “You’re telling them to be tolerant of Israelis when Israeli tanks are outside their homes.”
In one story, reported by the New York Times, a Palestinian girl who lives in a refugee camp finds a tin can on the street and decides to plant a rose in it. When she succeeds in nurturing the flower, other refugees follow her lead, and together they plant a garden. Israeli producers objected to the girl picking up the tin can because Israeli children have been taught not to retrieve stray objects lest they contain bombs. The producers collectively decided to change the object to a clear water bottle.
“It’s slow going over there,” Cole says. “We’re determined to help children see one another as humans, as people who have needs that are similar to their own; as children who have families, grandparents; as children who go to school.”
ed ecco quel che di terribile (?) Sesame Workshop (per come ne scrive 'in prima persona' sul proprio sito) ha fatto in Egitto
ARABIC CHILDREN LAUGH AND LEARN WITH ALAM SIMSIM MUPPETS AS AWARD-WINNING SERIES BEGINS AIRING REGULARLY ON MBC
Outreach Initiative to Help Extend Series’ Messages Throughout Middle East and North Africa
(Cairo, Egypt, and New York, NY, July 23, 2003) It’s a bird. It’s a plane. No, it’s Alam Simsim’s Muppets Khokha, Filfil and Nimnim travelling the Arab World via cable satellite. Alam Simsim, the Egyptian adaptation of Sesame Street, will begin airing throughout the Middle East and North Africa on Middle East Broadcasting Corporation (MBC) on August 1, potentially reaching 150 million viewers. This is the first time that the Arabic-language television series, which focuses on girls’ education, the environment, and literacy, will be broadcast regularly outside of Egypt.
e ad un ultimo commento:
Gli americani hanno, come tutti i popoli, ma certo con in più la 'responsabilità imperiale' da unica superpotenza globale, molti difetti
Pero' - in campo educativo - sviluppano modelli 'collaborativi' di educazione e insegnamento ...
Proprio quello che manca quasi del tutto nei progetti passati e presenti italiani (vale per la Moratti come per Berlinguer)
Stranamente, la quasi totale assenza del concetto di 'responsabilità personale' (penso addebitabile alla cultura cattolica 'perdonista') ha come conseguenza la quasi totale assenza del concetto di 'collaboratività'
Strano anche che Leonardo Coen, che ha in passato scritto cose 'gentili' improntate ad un ottimismo... cristiano... trovi tanto a che ridire sui progetti tipo 'Sesame'
O ... mi sfugge qualcosa?
Per fortuna non sono l'unico a pensarla così, pare: ovvero, si entra nel merito, di cos'era (anni '60) la Sesame, e cosa è oggi, di cosa convince, e di cosa convince meno ... ma ...
... un conto è una discussione nel merito di come oggi opera la Sesame ... che già di per sè è un tema interessante proprio mentre in Italia si discute di riforma Moratti (ma, se e quando tornerà a governare l'Ulivo, il problema si riproporrà comunque credo) ...
... un altro è gridare allo scandalo perchè i cattivi USA osano contrastare l'ipnosi collettiva taleban-islamica con metodi educativi perlomeno 'sperimentati' (e in paesi molto diversi tra loro) dalla Sesame
se poi, la Sesame è una 'vacca sacra' intoccabile, ok, tocchiamola!
E non dimentichiamo le critiche al programma originario americano:
GM: Your analysis of Sesame Street was fascinating. At one point your write that: "The shows anti-intellectualism and its glorification of television culture over print send the implicit message that the skills of literacy have no meaningful purpose." I've never read a critique of Sesame Street before. What kind of reaction did you receive after you first wrote the piece? Did it feel like you were taking on a cultural icon?
KH: Absolutely. This is a sacred cow. A related example is Head Start -which is a government program. Sesame Street and Head Start originated in the 1960s. They were so well-intentioned and filled with hope and expectation that they were hard to criticize. Both programs were multicultural. Especially Sesame Street. There was no television that showed quite the same kind of respect for poor children that Sesame Street had. The other fact is that Joan Ganz Cooney -who was the creator of Sesame Street- was extremely well connected and liked. Also: she was clever enough to construct a very effective public relations machine that included social scientists. Everybody was utterly committed to what they were doing. Not just making a lot of money, but committed to changing the lives of poor children. So to criticize Sesame Street was to question the motives of well-intentioned people.
There were also a lot of social scientists that were willing to do dubious research on the show. It moved from co-relation to causation. You would see research projects showing that Sesame Street improved children's literacy, when it was clear that that the kind of parent that turned on Sesame Street -when there was no other choice for educational television- was the kind of parent who was going to be dedicated to their children's education. We know from research not related to Sesame Street that these are the parents whose children do well. It has nothing to do with Sesame Street.
I did receive some huffy mail from people associated with Sesame Street research and from Children's Television Workshop. But Sesame Street's day has gone, because we now have a much more diverse market in children's medium. Some of it is awful. Some of it is okay.
inviato il 03.05.2004 10:47:23
E ancora http://commons.somewhere.com/reportcard/1995/DAILY.REPORT.CARD168.html
SESAME STREET AND LEARNING: NOT ALL IT'S CRACKED UP TO BE
Recent criticism of Sesame Street goes far beyond the
attention span argument noted in the above article (See DRC #4).
Nationally syndicated columnist Mona Charen recaps an article
written by Kay Hymowitz that denounces the overall format of
Sesame Street (WASH TIMES, 11/13). Hymowitz' article appeared in
the Autumn issue of the City Journal, a publication of the
Manhattan Institute. According to Charen, Hymowitz argues that
Sesame Street "far from preparing young children for school and
the wider world of learning, ... grooms its charges only for more
television." Charen goes on to say that the show does not
"glorify" learning, but instead glorifies television and youth
culture. Charen: "Sesame Street is self-consciously modeled on
commercials, with fast cuts, jazzy music and very, very short
Hymowitz also charges that "even if the show's claims about
improving familiarity with letters and numbers are true,"
identifying a letter is a far cry from learning all the skills
necessary to read. Hymowitz: "The skills required for reading
are a complex mix of concentration, persistence, the linking of
concepts." And Sesame Street does not teach concentration,
according to Hymowitz and Charen.
Charen also criticizes the politically correct tone that
permeates Sesame Street. And she comments on the lack of
enchantment on Sesame Street, "where the tone is smart-alecky and
worldly wise." Charen cites Bruno Bettleheim, whose research
advances the notion that traditional fairy tales "serve important
functions in the imagination of the very young child."
According to Charen, Sesame Street is "sometimes fun for
adults, [but] it teaches preschoolers all the wrong lessons."
The Children's Television Network, which produces the show
for PBS, counters that the Hymowitz article is "full of untruths,
inaccuracies and a relentless malice," reports the N.Y. TIMES
inviato il 03.05.2004 10:49:22
nicola Mi piacerebbe leggere una volta una storia di queste iniziative cosi` tipicamente americane (Radio Marti` per i cubani; Sesame Street, che e` una bellissima trasmissione per bambini, agli afgani; l'Al Jazeera americana che, pare, pochi arabi guardino...). Le iniziative in se` contengono un bel po` di spirito americano: la fiducia nelle cose ben organizzate e nei progetti ben scritti; la convinzione che il modo di pensare e vivere americano sia cosi` innegabilmente buono e giusto che basta farlo vedere per convertire i popoli; la sostanziale incapacita` di ascoltare e dialogare, nascosta dietro la capacita` di organizzare e comunicare. In questo progetto ci sono insieme i bei programmi di Sesame Street (assaliti, negli USA, dai conservatori codini, che li considerano un subdolo veicolo di propaganda comunista) e la Rand Corporation: anche questa, una mescolanza di diavolo e acquasanta molto americana. Mi chiedo se mai alcune di queste iniziative abbiano avuto un qualche successo.
Leggete L'Americano tranquillo di Greene, per avere un'idea di come sia complesso lo spirito wilsoniano.
inviato il 03.05.2004 12:50:03
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